C Tutorial Floating point types
Introduction to C language
Integer types
Char constants
Int constants
Type combination and promotion
Int overflow
Floating point types
Assignment operator
Int vs float arithmatic
Mathematical operators
Unary Increment Operators
Pre and Post Variations
C Programming Cleverness and Ego Issues
Relational Operators
Logical Operators
Bitwise Operators
Other Assignment Operators





Floating point Types


Single precision floating point number

typical size: 32 bits


Double precision floating point number

typical size: 64 bits


long double Possibly even bigger floating point number (somewhat obscure)

Constants in the source code such as 3.14 default to type double unless the are suffixed with an 'f' (float) or 'l' (long double). Single precision equates to about 6 digits of

precision and double is about 15 digits of precision. Most C programs use double for their computations. The main reason to use float is to save memory if many numbers need to be stored. The main thing to remember about floating point numbers is that they are inexact. For example, what is the value of the following double expression?


(1.0/3.0 + 1.0/3.0 + 1.0/3.0)    // is this equal to 1.0 exactly?

 The sum may or may not be 1.0 exactly, and it may vary from one type of machine to another. For this reason, you should never compare floating numbers to eachother for equality (==) -- use inequality (<) comparisons instead. Realize that a correct C program run on different computers may produce slightly different outputs in the rightmost digits

of its floating point computations.

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